Mushroom Spores Research

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Foraging: 5 Amazing Spots for Mushroom Hunting in Every Region of the USA

Find Mushrooms anywhere and everywhere through the USA

Mushroom Foraging

Who doesn't like a good mushroom hunt? Heck, even Mario is always looking for that magic mushroom to make life feel a little bigger;)

For centuries, people have foraged for mushrooms to eat. They have a name for it: Mycophagy. In 13,000-year-old archaeological sites in Chile, there is evidence of edible mushrooms.

In other words, we have done this forever. Joining in the hunt is an enjoyable time to connect with nature, as well as an enjoyable time to connect with our ancestors.

And you can literally do it anywhere-even any time-but especially good in the Spring and late Fall. We find 5 great mushroom areas in the USA according to the expert hunters - one in every region. We also pick a species you may be able to find, along with a list of psilocybin mushrooms known to be found in that area, courtesy of Shroomery.com.

Obligatory note: DON'T EAT WILD MUSHROOMS WITHOUT POSITIVELY IDENTIFYING IT FIRST BECAUSE DEATH!

1. Northeast/New England

Upstate New York, Chanterelle

Chanterelle

The northeast is not known for great mushroom hunting, but there are spots that are better than others.. The forests of upstate New York are known to have quite a variety. In the summer, it is possible to find a lot of chanterelle mushrooms. Chanterelle are golden in color and smell of apricot and citrus, which is what makes it such a great and easy mushroom to find.

Shroomery.com gives a list of Psychoactive mushrooms to find in New York, with astericks representing how rare it is to find it (*** extremely rare - * not rare)
Conocybe cyanopus***
Pholiotina smithii***
Gymnopilus junonius**
Gymnopilus luteofolius**
Gymnopilus luteus**
Gymnopilus validipes**
Panaeolus cinctulus*
Panaeolus olivaceus**
Pluteus salicinus***
Psilocybe caerulipes**
Panaeolus fimicola**
Psilocybe liniformans var americana***
Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata**
Psilocybe semilanceata **
Psilocybe silvatica**

2. Southeast Region

Western North Carolina Mountains, Variety:

The blue-green mountains

The beautiful wet mountains of western North Carolina gives mushroom hunters a terrific place to try their hand at hunting. According to Beverly-hanks.com, hunters can find Chanterelle, Chicken of the Wods, Lactarius, Lion's Mane, Morel, Reishi, and more.

Shroomery.com tells us these are the psychoactive possibilities in NC:
Gymnopilus aeruginosus**
Gymnopilus junonius**
Gymnopilus luteofolius**
Panaeolus cinctulus*
Psilocybe cubensis (south)*
Psilocybe caerulipes**
Psilocybe plutonia***

3. Midwest:

Mark Twain National Forest in Missouri, Morel

Morel Mushrooms

The midwest is one of the best regions to be in for mushroom hunting. Every spring, hunters gear up to search burn areas and fallen trees for the most popular of all mushrooms to find: morels. The season of morels is very short, so make sure to check websites like thegreatmorel.com for sightings and maps of areas.

One of the best spots to find morels, and other mushrooms, is Mark Twain National Forest in Missouri. According to the Missouri Department of Conservation, "Morels seem to pop up overnight! They usually grow in 24 to 48 hours. Look for morels in moist woods, river bottoms, and on south-facing slopes. They’re often found near dead elm trees, in old orchards or burned areas."

Missouri Psychoactive mushroom list, according to Shroomery:
Gymnopilus braendlei***
Gymnopilus junonius**
Panaeolus cinctulus*

4. Southwest

Mountains of Colorado, Hawk's Wing

Hawks Wing Mushrooms

Listen: for mushrooms, you need water, and the desert is not known as having anything close to a rainforest. But anyone who has spent extensive time in New Mexico, Utah, Arizona or Colorado knows a little secret: there IS plenty of water, you just have to know where to look. And that's the same thing with mushrooms.. They are everywhere, you just need to know where to look. And when.

In AZ and NM, when the monsoon season comes, mushroom hunters head to the mountains where the trees are. Colorado gets a little bit more moisture, especially in the mountains, so it is there we turn our attention. One great find in Colorado is Hawk's Wing. They are plentiful, but not as popular as Morels or Chanterelle. Plus, they don't have any poisonous lookalikes, so pretty safe on that front. They have a large cap that literally looks like a hawk's wing, hence the name.

Shroomery.com's list for Colorado:
Conocybe cyanopus***
Gymnopilus junonius**
Panaeolus cinctulus*
Panaeolus olivaceus***
Pluteus salicinus***

5. Northwest

Tillamook State Forest in Oregon, Variety

Oregon Rainforest

Like the midwest, the northwest is prime foraging real estate. They also have a lot of folks that participate in foraging, which means many spots are secrets and mushrooms are swooped up quickly. It also means there are a lot of resources, like this handy chart below showing us seasons for each edible mushrooms.

Oregon Mushrooms

Mushroom Grow Chart / oregondiscovery.com

The literal rainforest of Tillamook State Forest makes it a perfect spot to get your feet wet in mushroom hunting. Finding chanterelles is relatively easy, as well as finding the cauliflower-looking mushroom, Cauliflower mushroom, which grows from wood near the base of conifers.

Shroomery.com's list of mushrooms for Oregon:
Conocybe cyanopus***
Pholiotina smithii***
Gymnopilus aeruginosus**
Gymnopilus luteofolius*
Gymnopilus junonius**
Gymnopilus viridans**
Gymnopilus liquiritiae***
Panaeolus cinctulus*
Panaeolus olivaceus**
Psilocybe azurescens*
Psilocybe baeocystis**
Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa***
Psilocybe allenii**
Psilocybe cyanescens*
Psilocybe fimetaria***
Psilocybe liniformans var. americana***
Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata**
Psilocybe pelliculosa*
Psilocybe semilanceata*
Psilocybe sierrae***
Psilocybe silvatica**
Psilocybe strictipes**
Psilocybe stuntzii**

Happy hunting, everybody!

2021-01-24T20:15:24-06:00January 17, 2021|Categories: Mushroom Spores Research|0 Comments

Psilocybin Mushrooms and the Brain: New Study Shows The Amazing Way They Interact

An artistic look at the brain

Who remembers that commercial about drugs? You know the one – “This is your brain” and “this is your brain on drugs,” illustrated with an egg frying.

Turns out that is completely false, at least in terms of psilocybin mushrooms (read our post on the meaning of psilocybin here).

Let’s imagine we are driving. And not fun driving, but doing the worst kind of driving possible – the commute. When you commute to work, you typically take the shortest possible route with little to no variation. Every day, same thing, same route. Depression sets in. Negative emotions plague the mind. And so on and so on.

But what if you could find different ways to get there. And, best of all, you would have new thoughts that accompany your mind and it would actually be enjoyable. We’ll call this “the magical commute.

Study on Psilocybin Mushrooms

An April 2020 study showed this is essentially what Magic Mushrooms do to the brain. The goal of the study was to see the effects of psilocybin on a healthy human brain. As the principal author, Morten L. Kringelbach from Oxford University, explains it is as if psilocybin finds different routes in the brain to solve the same problems. The brain generally takes the same path to solve similar issues, resulting on a person’s brain not straying very far from the networks established (i.e. “the commute” above). Magic Mushrooms create new networks, in fact they utilize MORE networks than the brain typically uses (ie: “the magical commute“).

The brain on psilocybin mushrooms

Above: Image of brain taking a placebo (LEFT) and the brain on psilocybin mushrooms (RIGHT) (Credit: Journal of the Royal Society Interface)

Just following the logic of this fact, it is easy to see how psilocybin mushrooms can be very useful in combating trauma and depression. The brain creates an efficient way to solve problems, of course, but when affected by trauma or depression, your brain will create a road and travel on it often as you process the emotions. So it makes sense that you would have similar reactions or triggers to events that happen in your life. Psilocybin mushrooms could help create new paths and, in effect, give you new perspectives on the emotions that are causing pain and negativity.

Awesome things are being discovered, friends!

To read more, with tons of technical jargon – check out the study here:

To get a better idea of the study’s findings, check out this interview with Kringelbach and the study put more in layman’s terms here.

Thanks for reading!

2021-01-24T20:03:35-06:00January 9, 2021|Categories: Mushroom Spores Research|Comments Off on Psilocybin Mushrooms and the Brain: New Study Shows The Amazing Way They Interact

5 Ways Mushrooms Can Save The World

Did you know that mushrooms can do just about anything?  As scientists open up to the world of fungi, they are discovering some amazing implications on how mushrooms can help our world.  Read 5 of them below!

mushrooms save the world

1) Health

Mushrooms are currently being tested in a variety of ways to see if they provide health benefits.  Besides the obvious healthy diet options mushrooms provide, there are also tests to see if mushrooms can help cure or prevent illness.  So far, the results are promising!  Mushrooms have been said to be able to help with cancer – there is anecdotal evidence of the right type of mushroom helping to get rid of cancerous tumors (though it’s not proven in lab tests).  Scientists have shown that shiitake mushroom extracts can slow the growth of some cancer cells – in Japan and China they are used in conjunction with chemotherapy for lung cancer to improve the quality of life in patients.  Other mushrooms are being shown to help with other cancers. 

Mushrooms are being shown to help with mental health, also – particularly psilocybin mushrooms.  Psilocybin mushrooms are being shown to be helpful as an antidepressant and to reduce anxiety and are increasingly becoming decriminalized in US cities and states as a result.  

2) Pollution Cleanup

Mushrooms can be used to clean up hazardous materials, even radiation spills.  And not just “can be,” but HAS BEEN DONE.  People in the field of “mycoremediation” use mushrooms to break down hazardous substances into something more benign.  The best part is it is just what mushrooms do and it helps bring the area of cleanup back to a natural order.

Mushrooms have been used to counter negative effects from wildfires, oil spills and radiation spills all over the world.  

3) Refugee Camps

The world is often plagued with humanitarian crises’ – from war, natural disasters or worse.  Feeding large groups of displaced people is a difficult logistical task and costly.  What if we could utilize mushrooms to help?  

Business Insider wrote about this exact thing happening in Syria.  According to the article, the cost of meat has risen by 650% in Syria since 2011 and 9 million people are on emergency food assistance – basically, meat is unattainable by a lot of folks.  The article goes on to talk about a man who buys 2 pounds of mushroom spores for about $10 and makes 40 pounds of protein and nutrients for his family.  

4) Biofuels  

According to research published in Science Advances, biobutanol can replace gasoline.  What can make biobutanol?  Mushrooms!

Scientists were able to make butanol with two-year-old mushroom substrates from a mushroom farm and find it a promising development as biofuels right now are made from corn and sugar cane, which competes with food farming and uses precious resources such as water and soil.  Using not only mushrooms, but the waste of mushrooms to produce biofuel could result in a complete revolution to our relationship to national resources and the environment.  

5) Space

If all else fails and we mess up the earth beyond repair, mushrooms might be key to our survival for our species as we leave and find other planets to colonize. Sounds science fiction, but it really isn’t.

As mentioned, mushrooms can remove chemicals and hazardous waste in dirt and return it to healthy soil suitable for plant growth.  Along these lines, scientists speculate that mushrooms can be used to terraform soils of other planets and get them suitable for plant growth.  

They can also be used to “grow” a habitat for future residents of Mars or the Moon.  According to a fascinating press release from NASA,  they have a myco-architecture project where they are experimenting with utilizing mycelia, the underground threads of fungi, to grow habitats.  

The press release states: 

“Right now, traditional habitat designs for Mars are like a turtle — carrying our homes with us on our backs – a reliable plan, but with huge energy costs,” said Lynn Rothschild, the principal investigator on the early-stage project. “Instead, we can harness mycelia to grow these habitats ourselves when we get there.” 

These are just a FEW ways Mushrooms are awesome.  Thanks for reading!

We regularly post informative articles about mushroom technology on our Facebook.  Check it out!

2021-01-01T18:23:54-06:00December 31, 2020|Categories: Mushroom Spores Research|Comments Off on 5 Ways Mushrooms Can Save The World

Is It Illegal To Buy Mushroom Spores? 

We get emailed the question: Is it illegal to buy mushroom spores? and similar questions about the legality of buying our Psilocybin cubensis mushroom spore syringes often so thought we’d provide a short, concise blog post about this along with some updated information about the legality of magic mushrooms in the United States and Canada on our website.

Mushroom Spores Legality

So to begin with, Federal law in the United States does not mention psilocybin mushroom spores.  Psilocybin and psilocin (the active chemicals in psychedelic mushrooms) are specifically listed on Federal law as Schedule I, not the mushrooms themselves. Psilocybin cubensis mushroom spores do not contain psilocybin or psilocin. hence mushroom spores are not illegal either federally or in most US states. Therefore, we are able to sell and ship mushroom spore syringes to all states in the United States and Canada unless that state has specific regulations regarding the sale, distribution or transportation of psilocybin mushroom spores.

    • Idaho & Georgia: Idaho and Georgia both have adopted laws that specifically ban the transport and sale of psilocybin mushrooms. Therefore, we are unable to ship or sell to Idaho or Georgia. Customers from these states will not be able to purchase anything on our website. If a customer that resides in either of these states would like to purchase any edible liquid culture syringe, please email us.
    • California: California has a law that mentions spores, however, it is not illegal to possess mushroom spores specifically.  Also in California law, there is a law stating that it is illegal for women to drive vehicles while wearing a housecoat, a law stating that walking an elephant down Market Street in San Francisco is illegal, unless the elephant is on a leash and finally, a California law that states homeowners who have Christmas lights on their houses past February 2 may be subject to a fine of up to $250. Any many, many more … :) On a more serious note, you can read more about the California law mentioning mushroom spores here.
    • ***Our Psilocybe cubensis mushroom spore syringes, mushroom prints (when available) and spore swabs are sold for microscopy research only *** We can not legally and do not give any advice regarding cultivation.***

For more information on federal and state laws regarding psilocybin spores, please visit this website: US Federal & State Mushroom Laws.

Decriminalization Psilocybin Movement – A Look At Mushroom Laws By State

is-it-illegal-to-buy-mushroom-spores

In May 2019, Denver residents voting on Ordinance 301 declared “the adult possession and use of psilocybin mushrooms” would become the city’s lowest law enforcement priority, further prohibiting the city from spending resources on penalizing shroom use.  Oakland, California followed suit a month later. In 2020, Oregon voted to legalize magic mushrooms! Many activist groups (Decriminalize Nature, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Times to name a couple) in the United States have moved to implement decriminalization of personal use, possession or cultivation of naturally-occurring psychedelics like psilocybin mushrooms and ayahuasca in many cities and states.

Our mission at Premium Spores is to support and aid in increasing awareness of this psilocybin and medicinal mushroom research.

We are constantly reading about mushrooms, information on the decriminalize psychedelics movement, mushroom spores, magic mushroom research, edible and medicinal mushrooms, recipes, amazing images of mushrooms, and much more and post these articles, etc to our very active Premium Spores Facebook page daily so be sure to follow us there. :)

We will discuss this topic and more in future blog posts.

 Thanks for reading!

 

2021-01-06T22:41:12-06:00December 26, 2020|Categories: Mushroom Spores Research|Tags: |Comments Off on Is It Illegal To Buy Mushroom Spores? 

Psilocybin 101 – What is Psilocybin?

You’re at a dinner party. Someone down the table yells down at you (the known mushroom guy), “What is ‘psycho-helen’ or ‘psycho-bend’ anyway?

Do you go the smug route and say, “well, actually, it’s pronounced psilocybin and it’s a dihydrogen phosphate compound” or do you go the dismissive route and say, “it’s the stuff in magic mushrooms that gets you messed up“?

Maybe you are not a dinner party person, but we’re willing to bet that someone is going to ask you what Psilocybin is at some point. So we gathered up a definition, a brief history of magic mushrooms and related context to get a good understanding of the active ingredient in magic mushrooms. Read on!

Psilocybin

Psilocybin Chemical Compound

What is Psilocybin?

Psilocybin (pronounced “sai·luh·sai·bn”) is a natural psychedelic compound that is produced by hundreds of species of fungus. There is a difference between Psilocybin and Psilocin, which we will discuss in a future post, but for now, just know that both were first isolated and named by the famous Swiss chemist, Albert Hofmann, the discoverer of LSD.

On that note, LSD does NOT contain any psilocybin.

In laymen’s terms, psilocybin is naturally occurring in some mushrooms and the effects from it cause things like euphoria, hallucinations, and more. It is the reason why “magic” mushrooms are “magic.”

How long have humans used Psilocybin mushrooms?

There’s reason to believe that psilocybin mushrooms have been used by humans for at least the last 2000 years. Recently, however, an article in Vice titled, Psychedelics Weren’t As Common in Ancient Cultures As We Think attempts to debunk this. However, there are multiple sculptures found in Mesoamerica from about 500 B.C.-900 A.D. in present day Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras and El Salvador that depict mushrooms. At the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, there is a statue of Xochipilli, Aztec god of flowers, which has teonanacatl (hallucinogenic) mushrooms on his knees and earlobes.

 

Statue of Aztec God Xochipilli from hundreds of years ago, which contains references to Psilocybin mushrooms

 

The first European exposure to the New World’s “Flesh of the Gods,” as teonanacatl mushrooms are referred to, come from early Spanish priests. According to the US Forest Service website, Francisco Hernandez de Toledo, physician to the King of Spain, wrote a guide for missionaries in 1656 in which he describes natives eating mushrooms which caused a “kind of ‘madness’ bringing ‘before the eyes all kinds of things, such as wars and the likeness of demons.'”

There are cave paintings in Europe and rock art in Australia (Bradshaw) that indicate mushrooms were used in those regions, also, but it is less studied.

Where do Psilocybin Mushrooms stand in our culture today?

After decades of ostracization, psilocybin mushrooms are increasingly being studied and measured for their worth in mental health.

Numerous studies are being published on utilizing psilocybin mushrooms as a way to treat depression, anxiety and other mental illnesses.  John Hopkins recently opened a facility for studying psychedelics.

In terms of legality, psilocybin mushrooms are increasingly becoming decriminalized in cities throughout the United States as we discuss in our recent post, Is It Illegal To Buy Mushroom Spores?

Note: decriminalization does NOT mean legal. Decriminalization means that criminal sanctions will not be taken if caught (though fines and tickets might).

At present, possession and sale of psilocybin mushrooms IS illegal in every state. On February 1st, 2021, Oregon will be the first state to legalize psilocybin mushrooms for mental health treatment.

Also of note, especially to us, mushroom grow kits and psilocybe cubensis spores are LEGAL to purchase and possess in most U.S. states for microscopy research.

If you want the quick notes on what to say when someone asks you what psilocybin mushrooms are, here are the cliff notes:

1) Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic compound that makes “magic” mushrooms “magic.”

2) Humans have probably used psilocybin mushrooms for thousands of years, most notably used by the Aztecs, Mayans, and other ancient Mesoamerican cultures.

3) Possession and selling of Psilocybin Mushrooms is illegal, though becoming increasingly decriminalized. The sale of grow kits and spores is LEGAL in most U.S. States. So make sure to check out our mushroom spores in the shop!

Thanks for reading!

 

 

2020-12-26T13:25:26-06:00December 21, 2020|Categories: Mushroom Spores Research|Comments Off on Psilocybin 101 – What is Psilocybin?